Artifacts of the month for October 2013
Identity card and the Yellow badge
Gertrude Magnus (1910 – 2012)
Identity card (Kennkarte) for German Jews, with passport photo and fingerprints. Introduced in 1938.
The yellow badge (or yellow patch), also referred to as a Jewish badge, was a cloth patch that Jews were ordered to sew on their outer garments to mark them as Jews in public at certain times in certain countries. The requirement to wear the Star of David with the word Jude (German for Jew) inscribed in faux Hebrew letters was extended to all Jews over the age of six in the Reich and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (by a decree issued on September 19, 1941).
This Identity card was issued in Berlin on the 27th of August 1946. The card «Opfer Des Faschismus» was given to people who had been the victims of Nazi oppression, and who remained in Germany after the war.
Gertrude Magnus (b. Meyer) was born in Berlin in 1910 as the sole child of Ida and Richard Meyer. She managed to remain in hiding throughout the war, because her mother Ida was not registered as a Jew and could therefore bring supplies. In 1949 she married a Norwegian Jew (Alfred Magnus) and moved to Norway. Gertrude Magnus died in Oslo in 2012 at the age of 102.